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Noun synthesis has 3 senses


synthesisn. [L., a mixture, properly, a putting together, Gr. , fr. to place or put together; sy`n with + to place. See Thesis.].
  •  Composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding medicines.  [1913 Webster]
  •  The art or process of making a compound by putting the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis; thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen; hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in every respect with the natural articles when such occur; thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin, etc., are made by synthesis.  [1913 Webster]
  •  The combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions, species into genera, individual propositions into systems; -- the opposite of analysis.  [1913 Webster]
    "Analysis and synthesis, though commonly treated as two different methods, are, if properly understood, only the two necessary parts of the same method. Each is the relative and correlative of the other."  [1913 Webster]


synthesis, n. (pl. syntheses)
1 the process or result of building up separate elements, esp. ideas, into a connected whole, esp. into a theory or system.
2 a combination or composition.
3 Chem. the artificial production of compounds from their constituents as distinct from extraction from plants etc.
4 Gram. a the process of making compound and derivative words. b the tendency in a language to use inflected forms rather than groups of words, prepositions, etc.
5 the joining of divided parts in surgery.

synthesist n.
L f. Gk sunthesis (as SYN-, THESIS)



Anschluss, Baconian method, a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, addition, affiliation, agglomeration, aggregation, agreement, alliance, amalgamation, analysis, assemblage, assembly, assimilation, association, blend, blending, building, buildup, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, combination, combine, combining, combo, composite, composition, compound, confederacy, confederation, congeries, conglomeration, conjugation, conjunction, consolidation, conspiracy, constitution, construction, deduction, deductive reasoning, ecumenism, embodiment, encompassment, enosis, epagoge, fabrication, fashioning, federalization, federation, formation, fusing, fusion, generalization, getup, hookup, hypothesis and verification, identification, inclusion, incorporation, induction, inductive reasoning, inference, integrating, integration, junction, junta, league, make, makeup, marriage, meld, melding, merge, merger, merging, mixing, mixture, organization, package, package deal, particularization, philosophical induction, piecing together, putting together, setup, shaping, solidification, structure, structuring, syllogism, syllogistic reasoning, syncretism, syndication, syneresis, tie-up, unification, unifying, union, wedding




N contrariety, contrast, foil, antithesis, oppositeness, contradiction, antagonism, clashing, repugnance, inversion, the opposite, the reverse, the inverse, the converse, the antipodes, the antithesis, the other extreme, contrary, contrarious, contrariant, opposite, counter, dead against, converse, reverse, opposed, antithetical, contrasted, antipodean, antagonistic, opposing, conflicting, inconsistent, contradictory, at cross purposes, negative, hostile, differing toto coelo, diametrically opposite, diametrically opposed, as opposite as black and white, as opposite as light and darkness, as opposite as fire and water, as opposite as the poles, as different as night and day, Hyperion to a satyr, quite the contrary, quite the reverse, no such thing, just the other way, tout au contraire, contrarily, contra, contrariwise, per contra, on the contrary, nay rather, vice versa, on the other hand, all concord's born of contraries, Thesis, antithesis, synthesis.


N combination, mixture, junction, union, unification, synthesis, incorporation, amalgamation, embodiment, coalescence, crasis, fusion, blending, absorption, centralization, alloy, compound, amalgam, composition, tertium quid, resultant, impregnation, combined, impregnated with, ingrained, imbued inoculated.


N reasoning ratiocination rationalism, dialectics, induction, generalization, discussion, comment, ventilation, inquiry, argumentation, controversy, debate, polemics, wrangling, contention, logomachy, disputation, disceptation, paper war, art of reasoning, logic, process of reasoning, train of reasoning, chain of reasoning, deduction, induction, abduction, synthesis, analysis, argument, case, plaidoyer, opening, lemma, proposition, terms, premises, postulate, data, starting point, principle, inference, prosyllogism, syllogism, enthymeme, sorites, dilemma, perilepsis, a priori reasoning, reductio ad absurdum, horns of a dilemma, argumentum ad hominem, comprehensive argument, empirema, epagoge, reasoner, logician, dialectician, disputant, controversialist, controvertist, wrangler, arguer, debater polemic, casuist, rationalist, scientist, eristic, logical sequence, good case, correct just reasoning, sound reasoning, valid reasoning, cogent reasoning, logical reasoning, forcible reasoning, persuasive reasoning, persuasory reasoning, consectary reasoning, conclusive, subtle reasoning, force of argument, strong point, strong argument, persuasive argument, arguments, reasons, pros and cons, reasoning, rationalistic, argumentative, controversial, dialectic, polemical, discursory, discursive, disputatious, Aristotelian, eristic, eristical, debatable, controvertible, logical, relevant, for, because, hence, whence, seeing that, since, sith, then thence so, for that reason, for this reason, for which reason, for as, inasmuch as, whereas, ex concesso, considering, in consideration of, therefore, wherefore, consequently, ergo, thus, accordingly, a fortiori, in conclusion, in fine, finally, after all, au bout du compt, on the whole, taking one thing with another, ab actu ad posse valet consecutio, per troppo dibatter la verita si perde, troppo disputare la verita fa errare.

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