Baconian method, a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, abatement, ablation, abrasion, abridgment, abstraction, accord, addition, adjunct, affairs, affiliation, affinity, agio, alleviation, alliance, allowance, analysis, approximation, assemblage, association, attenuation, bank discount, bond, breakage, cash discount, chain discount, charge-off, closeness, cogitation, combination, concession, conclusion, connectedness, connection, consequence, consequent, consideration, contemplation, contiguity, contraction, contrariety, corollary, credit, cut, dampening, damping, dealings, decrease, decrement, decrescence, deductive reasoning, deflation, deliberation, demonstration, depreciation, depression, derivation, diminishment, diminution, discount, discourse, discourse of reason, discursive reason, disjunction, dockage, drawback, dying, dying off, epagoge, erosion, extenuation, fade-out, filiation, finding, generalization, homology, hypothesis and verification, illation, induction, inductive reasoning, inference, intercourse, intimacy, judgment, junction, kickback, languishment, lessening, letup, liaison, link, linkage, linking, logical thought, lowering, meditation, miniaturization, minus, mitigation, musing, mutual attraction, nearness, particularization, penalty, penalty clause, percentage, philosophical induction, philosophy, pondering, premium, price reduction, price-cut, proof, propinquity, proximity, purification, rapport, ratiocination, rationalism, rationality, rationalization, rationalizing, reason, reasonableness, reasoning, rebate, rebatement, reduction, refinement, reflection, refund, relatedness, relation, relations, relationship, relaxation, removal, result, rollback, rumination, sagging, salvage, scaling down, sequitur, setoff, similarity, simplicity, sophistry, specious reasoning, speculation, subduction, sublation, subtraction, sweet reason, syllogism, syllogistic reasoning, sympathy, synthesis, takeoff, taking away, tare, thinking, tie, tie-in, time discount, trade discount, tret, underselling, union, weakening, withdrawal, write-off
nonaddition, subtraction, subtraction, subduction, deduction
, retrenchment, removal, withdrawal, ablation, sublation, abstraction, garbling mutilation, detruncation, amputation, abscission, excision, recision, curtailment, minuend, subtrahend, decrease, abrasion, subtracted, subtractive, in deduction
, less, short of, minus, without, except, except for, excepting, with the exception of, barring, save, exclusive of, save and except, with a reservation, not counting, if one doesn't count.
decrement, discount, defect, loss, deduction
, afterglow, eduction, waste.
experiment, essay, analysis, screen, trial, tentative method, t=atonnement, verification, probation, experimentum crucis, proof, (demonstration), criterion, diagnostic, test, probe, crucial test, acid test, litmus test, crucible, reagent, check, touchstone, pix, assay, ordeal, ring, litmus paper, curcuma paper, turmeric paper, test tube, analytical instruments, empiricism, rule of thumb, feeler, trial balloon, pilot balloon, messenger balloon, pilot engine, scout, straw to show the wind, speculation, random shot, leap in the dark, analyzer, analyst, assayist, adventurer, experimenter, experimentist, experimentalist, scientist, engineer, technician, subject, experimentee, guinea pig, experimental animal, protocol, experimental method, blind experiment, double-blind experiment, controlled experiment, poll, survey, opinion poll, epidemiological survey, retrospective analysis, retrospective survey, prospective survey, prospective analysis, statistical analysis, literature search, library research, tryout, audition, discovery, measurement, evidence, deduction
, induction, abduction, experimental, empirical, probative, probatory, probationary, provisional, analytic, docimastic, tentative, unverified, unproven, speculative, untested, on trial, under examination, on probation, under probation, on one's trial, on approval, check it out, give it a try, see how it goes, Run it up the flagpole and see who salutes.
reasoning ratiocination rationalism, dialectics, induction, generalization, discussion, comment, ventilation, inquiry, argumentation, controversy, debate, polemics, wrangling, contention, logomachy, disputation, disceptation, paper war, art of reasoning, logic, process of reasoning, train of reasoning, chain of reasoning, deduction
, induction, abduction, synthesis, analysis, argument, case, plaidoyer, opening, lemma, proposition, terms, premises, postulate, data, starting point, principle, inference, prosyllogism, syllogism, enthymeme, sorites, dilemma, perilepsis, a priori reasoning, reductio ad absurdum, horns of a dilemma, argumentum ad hominem, comprehensive argument, empirema, epagoge, reasoner, logician, dialectician, disputant, controversialist, controvertist, wrangler, arguer, debater polemic, casuist, rationalist, scientist, eristic, logical sequence, good case, correct just reasoning, sound reasoning, valid reasoning, cogent reasoning, logical reasoning, forcible reasoning, persuasive reasoning, persuasory reasoning, consectary reasoning, conclusive, subtle reasoning, force of argument, strong point, strong argument, persuasive argument, arguments, reasons, pros and cons, reasoning, rationalistic, argumentative, controversial, dialectic, polemical, discursory, discursive, disputatious, Aristotelian, eristic, eristical, debatable, controvertible, logical, relevant, for, because, hence, whence, seeing that, since, sith, then thence so, for that reason, for this reason, for which reason, for as, inasmuch as, whereas, ex concesso, considering, in consideration of, therefore, wherefore, consequently, ergo, thus, accordingly, a fortiori, in conclusion, in fine, finally, after all, au bout du compt, on the whole, taking one thing with another, ab actu ad posse valet consecutio, per troppo dibatter la verita si perde, troppo disputare la verita fa errare.
judgment, result, conclusion, upshot, deduction
, inference, ergotism, illation, corollary, porism, moral, estimation, valuation, appreciation, judication, dijudication, adjudication, arbitrament, arbitrement, arbitration, assessment, ponderation, valorization, award, estimate, review, criticism, critique, notice, report, decision, determination, judgment, finding, verdict, sentence, decree, findings of fact, findings of law, res judicata, plebiscite, voice, casting vote, vote, opinion, good judgment, judge, umpire, arbiter, arbitrator, asessor, referee, censor, reviewer, critic, connoisseur, commentator, inspector, inspecting officer, twenty-twenty hindsight, armchair general, monday morning quarterback, judging, judicious, determinate, conclusive, on the whole, all things considered, a Daniel come to judgment, and stand a critic, hated yet caress'd, it is much easier to be critical than to be correc, la critique est aisee et l'art est difficile, nothing if not critical, O most lame and impotent conclusion.