a priori principle, a priori truth, absolute fact, accepted fact, actual fact, admitted fact, advance, affirm, affirmation, apriorism, assert, assertion, assume, assumed position, assumption, avant-propos, aver, axiom, bald fact, bare fact, basis, breakthrough, bring before, bring forward, bring up, broach, brocard, brutal fact, call, categorical proposition, center, challenge, circumstance, claim, cold fact, commend to attention, conceded fact, conjecture, core, data, datum, demonstrable fact, dictate, dictum, elixir, empirical fact, essence, essential, established fact, exact, exordium, fact, fact of experience, first principles, flower, focus, foreword, formula, foundation, front matter, frontispiece, fundamental, gist, given fact, golden rule, gravamen, ground, guesswork, hard fact, heart, hypostasis, hypothesis, hypothesis ad hoc, indisputable fact, inescapable fact, inference, inner essence, innovation, introduce, introduction, kernel, launch, law, lay before, lay down, leap, lemma, major premise, make a motion, marrow, matter of fact, meat, minor premise, moot, move, naked fact, not guesswork, not opinion, nub, nucleus, nuts and bolts, offer a resolution, open up, overture, philosopheme, philosophical proposition, pith, plain, pose, posit, position, positive fact, postulation, postulatum, preamble, predicate, preface, prefer, prefix, prefixture, preliminary, prelude, premise, presume, presumption, presupposal, presupposition, principium, principle, proem, prolegomena, prolegomenon, prolepsis, prologue, propose, proposition, propositional function, propound, protasis, provable fact, put forth, put forward, put it to, quid, quiddity, quintessence, recommend, require, requisition, rule, salient fact, sap, self-evident fact, self-evident truth, set before, set forth, set of postulates, settled principle, significant fact, simple fact, sober fact, solicit, soul, spirit, start, statement, stubborn fact, stuff, submit, substance, suggest, sumption, supposal, supposing, supposition, surmise, the case, the nitty-gritty, theorem, thesis, truism, truth, truth table, truth-function, truth-value, undeniable fact, universal truth, verse, voluntary, well-known fact, working hypothesis
reasoning ratiocination rationalism, dialectics, induction, generalization, discussion, comment, ventilation, inquiry, argumentation, controversy, debate, polemics, wrangling, contention, logomachy, disputation, disceptation, paper war, art of reasoning, logic, process of reasoning, train of reasoning, chain of reasoning, deduction, induction, abduction, synthesis, analysis, argument, case, plaidoyer, opening, lemma, proposition, terms, premises, postulate
, data, starting point, principle, inference, prosyllogism, syllogism, enthymeme, sorites, dilemma, perilepsis, a priori reasoning, reductio ad absurdum, horns of a dilemma, argumentum ad hominem, comprehensive argument, empirema, epagoge, reasoner, logician, dialectician, disputant, controversialist, controvertist, wrangler, arguer, debater polemic, casuist, rationalist, scientist, eristic, logical sequence, good case, correct just reasoning, sound reasoning, valid reasoning, cogent reasoning, logical reasoning, forcible reasoning, persuasive reasoning, persuasory reasoning, consectary reasoning, conclusive, subtle reasoning, force of argument, strong point, strong argument, persuasive argument, arguments, reasons, pros and cons, reasoning, rationalistic, argumentative, controversial, dialectic, polemical, discursory, discursive, disputatious, Aristotelian, eristic, eristical, debatable, controvertible, logical, relevant, for, because, hence, whence, seeing that, since, sith, then thence so, for that reason, for this reason, for which reason, for as, inasmuch as, whereas, ex concesso, considering, in consideration of, therefore, wherefore, consequently, ergo, thus, accordingly, a fortiori, in conclusion, in fine, finally, after all, au bout du compt, on the whole, taking one thing with another, ab actu ad posse valet consecutio, per troppo dibatter la verita si perde, troppo disputare la verita fa errare.
maxim, aphorism, apothegm, apophthegm, dictum, saying, adage, saw, proverb, sentence, mot, motto, word, byword, moral, phylactery, protasis, axiom, theorem, scholium, truism, postulate
, first principles, a priori fact, assumption (supposition), reflection, conclusion, golden rule, principle, principia, profession of faith, settled principle, accepted principle, formula, accepted fact, received truth, wise maxim, sage maxim, received maxim, admitted maxim, recognized maxim, true saying, common saying, hackneyed saying, trite saying, commonplace saying, aphoristic, proverbial, phylacteric, axiomatic, gnomic, as the saying goes, as the saying is, as they say.
supposition, assumption, assumed position, postulation, condition, presupposition, hypothesis, blue sky hypothesis, postulate
, postulatum, theory, thesis, theorem, data, proposition, position, proposal, presumption, divination, conjecture, guess, guesswork, speculation, rough guess, shot, shot in the dark, conjecturality, surmise, suspicion, sneaking suspicion, estimate, approximation (nearness), inkling, suggestion, hint, intimation, notion, impression, bare supposition, vague supposition, loose supposition, loose suggestion, association of ideas, (analogy), metonym, metonymy, simile (metaphor), conceit, idea, thought, original idea, invention (imagination), supposing, given, mooted, postulatory, assumed, supposititious, suppositive, suppositious, gratuitous, speculative, conjectural, hypothetical, theoretical, academic, supposable, presumptive, putative, suppositional, suggestive, allusive, if, if so be, an, on the supposition, ex hypothesi, in the case, in the event of, quasi, as if, provided, perhaps, for aught one knows.