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Noun monument has 3 senses


monumentn. [F., fr. L. monumentum, fr. monere to remind, admonish. See Monition, and cf. Moniment.].
  •  Something which stands, or remains, to keep in remembrance what is past; a memorial.  [1913 Webster]
    "Of ancient British art
    A pleasing monument.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "Our bruised arms hung up for monuments."  [1913 Webster]
  •  A building, pillar, stone, or the like, erected to preserve the remembrance of a person, event, action, etc.; as, the Washington monument; the Bunker Hill monument. Also, a tomb, with memorial inscriptions.  [1913 Webster]
    "On your family's old monument
    Hang mournful epitaphs, and do all rites
    That appertain unto a burial.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  A stone or other permanent object, serving to indicate a limit or to mark a boundary.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A saying, deed, or example, worthy of record.  [1913 Webster]
    "Acts and Monuments of these latter and perilous days."  [1913 Webster]
Syn. -- Memorial; remembrance; tomb; cenotaph.


monument, n.
1 anything enduring that serves to commemorate or make celebrated, esp. a structure or building.
2 a stone or other structure placed over a grave or in a church etc. in memory of the dead.
3 an ancient building or site etc. that has survived or been preserved.
4 (foll. by of, to) a typical or outstanding example (a monument of indiscretion).
5 a written record.

ME f. F f. L monumentum f. monere remind



n. A structure intended to commemorate something which either needs no commemoration or cannot be commemorated.

The bones of Agammemnon are a show,
And ruined is his royal monument,

but Agammemnon's fame suffers no diminution in consequence. The monument custom has its _reductiones ad absurdum_ in monuments "to the unknown dead" -- that is to say, monuments to perpetuate the memory of those who have left no memory.



antenna tower, arch, archives, barbican, barrow, belfry, bell tower, bench mark, bookmark, boundary stone, brass, bust, cairn, campanile, carving, catstone, cenotaph, colossus, column, commemorate, commemoration, cromlech, cross, cup, cupola, cyclolith, derrick, doll, dolly, dolmen, dome, dummy, evidence, example, exemplar, fantoccini, figure, figurehead, figurine, fire tower, footstone, gingerbread man, grave, gravestone, headstone, hoarstone, inscription, landmark, lantern, lay figure, ledger, lighthouse, lightship, man of straw, manikin, mannequin, marionette, mark, marker, martello, martello tower, mast, mausoleum, megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, milepost, milestone, minaret, model, monolith, monumentalize, mound, necrology, obelisk, obituary, observation tower, pagoda, pharos, pilaster, pillar, pinnacle, plaque, platform, pole, portrait bust, prize, puppet, pylon, pyramid, record, reliquary, remembrance, ribbon, rostral column, scarecrow, sculpture, seamark, shaft, shrine, skyscraper, snowman, spire, standpipe, statuary, statue, statuette, steeple, stela, stone, stupa, tablet, television mast, testament, testimonial, testimony, token, tomb, tombstone, tope, tour, tower, tribute, trophy, turret, watchtower, water tower, wax figure, waxwork, windmill tower, witness, wood carving




N height, altitude, elevation, eminence, pitch, loftiness, sublimity, tallness, stature, procerity, prominence, colossus, giant, grenadier, giraffe, camelopard, mount, mountain, hill alto, butte, monticle, fell, knap, cape, headland, foreland, promontory, ridge, hog's back, dune, rising ground, vantage ground, down, moor, moorland, Alp, uplands, highlands, heights, knob, loma, pena, picacho, tump, knoll, hummock, hillock, barrow, mound, mole, steeps, bluff, cliff, craig, tor, peak, pike, clough, escarpment, edge, ledge, brae, dizzy height, tower, pillar, column, obelisk, monument, steeple, spire, minaret, campanile, turret, dome, cupola, skyscraper, pole, pikestaff, maypole, flagstaff, top mast, topgallant mast, ceiling, high water, high tide, flood tide, spring tide, altimetry, batophobia, satellite, spy-in-the-sky, high, elevated, eminent, exalted, lofty, tall, gigantic, Patagonian, towering, beetling, soaring, hanging (gardens), elevated, upper, highest, high reaching, insessorial, perching, upland, moorland, hilly, knobby, mountainous, alpine, subalpine, heaven kissing, cloudtopt, cloudcapt, cloudtouching, aerial, overhanging, incumbent, overlying, superincumbent, supernatant, superimposed, prominent, tall as a maypole, tall as a poplar, tall as a steeple, lanky, on high, high up, aloft, up, above, aloof, overhead, airwind, upstairs, abovestairs, in the clouds, on tiptoe, on stilts, on the shoulders of, over head and ears, breast high, over, upwards, from top to bottom, e meglio cader dalle finistre che dal tetto.


N interment, burial, sepulture, inhumation, obsequies, exequies, funeral, wake, pyre, funeral pile, cremation, funeral, funeral rite, funeral solemnity, kneel, passing bell, tolling, dirge, cypress, orbit, dead march, muffled drum, mortuary, undertaker, mute, elegy, funeral, funeral oration, funeral sermon, epitaph, graveclothes, shroud, winding sheet, cerecloth, cerement, coffin, shell, sarcophagus, urn, pall, bier, hearse, catafalque, cinerary urn, grave, pit, sepulcher, tomb, vault, crypt, catacomb, mausoleum, Golgotha, house of death, narrow house, cemetery, necropolis, burial place, burial ground, grave yard, church yard, God's acre, tope, cromlech, barrow, tumulus, cairn, ossuary, bone house, charnel house, dead house, morgue, lich gate, burning ghat, crematorium, crematory, dokhma, mastaba, potter's field, stupa, Tower of Silence, sexton, gravedigger, monument, cenotaph, shrine, grave stone, head stone, tomb stone, memento mori, hatchment, stone, obelisk, pyramid, exhumation, disinterment, necropsy, autopsy, post mortem examination, zoothapsis, burried, burial, funereal, funebrial, mortuary, sepulchral, cinerary, elegiac, necroscopic, in memoriam, post obit, post mortem, beneath the sod, hic jacet, ci-git, RIP, requiescat in pace, the lone couch of his everlasting sleep, without a grave- unknell'd, uncoffin'd, and unknown, in the dark union of insensate dust, the deep cold shadow of the tomb, Special Vitality.


N record, trace, vestige, relic, remains, scar, cicatrix, footstep, footmark, footprint, pug, track mark, wake, trail, scent, piste, monument, hatchment, slab, tablet, trophy, achievement, obelisk, pillar, column, monolith, memorial, memento, testimonial, medal, commemoration, record, note, minute, register, registry, roll, cartulary, diptych, Domesday book, catalogue raisonne, entry, memorandum, indorsement, inscription, copy, duplicate, docket, notch, muniment, deed, document, deposition, proces verbal, affidavit, certificate, notebook, memorandum book, memo book, pocketbook, commonplace book, portfolio, pigeonholes, excerpta, adversaria, jottings, dottings, gazette, gazetteer, newspaper, daily, magazine, almanac, almanack, calendar, ephemeris, diary, log, journal, daybook, ledger, cashbook, petty cashbook, professional journal, scientific literature, the literature, primary literature, secondary literature, article, review article, archive, scroll, state paper, return, blue book, statistics, compte rendu, Acts of, Transactions of, Proceedings of, Hansard's Debates, chronicle, annals, legend, history, biography, Congressional Records, registration, registry, enrollment, inrollment, tabulation, entry, booking, signature, recorder, journalism, recording, tape recording, videotape, compact disk, floppy disk, diskette, hard disk, Winchester disk, read-only memory, ROM, write once read mostly memory, WORM, on record, exegi monumentum aere perennium, read their history in a nation's eyes, records that defy the tooth of time.

See related words and definitions of word "monument" in Indonesian
Also see definition of "monument" in Bible Study Dictionaries
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