action, ad hoc, ad hoc measure, ad lib, ad libitum, ad-lib, ad-libbing, adulterated, agent, alternate, alternative, analogy, answer, arrangement, artifice, backup, band-aid, blemished, caught napping, caught off balance, caught short, change, changeling, comparison, contrivance, copy, counterfeit, countermove, coup, course of action, damaged, defective, deficient, demarche, deputy, dernier ressort, device, dodge, double, dummy, effort, emergency, equal, equivalent, erroneous, ersatz, exchange, expediency, expedient, extemporaneous, extemporaneousness, extemporariness, extemporary, extempore, extemporization, extemporized, fake, fallible, faulty, fill-in, found wanting, ghost, ghostwriter, gimmick, haphazard, hasty, imitation, immature, impaired, imperfect, imprecise, impromptu, improvisation, improvisational, improvisatorial, improvise, improvised, improvision, improviso, impure, inaccurate, inadequate, incomplete, inexact, jury-rig, jury-rigged, jury-rigged expedient, lacking, last expedient, last resort, last shift, locum tenens, makeshifty, maneuver, means, measure, mediocre, metaphor, metonymy, mixed, mock, move, next best thing, not perfect, off, off-the-cuff, offhand, partial, patchy, personnel, phony, pinch, pinch hitter, pis aller, playing by ear, precipitate, pro tempore, provisional, proxy, recourse, refuge, relief, replacement, representative, reserve, reserves, resort, resource, ringer, rough-and-ready, second string, secondary, shake-up, shift, short, sign, sketchy, slapdash, snap, solution, spare, spares, stand-in, step, stopgap, stratagem, stroke, stroke of policy, sub, substituent, substitute, substitution, succedaneum, superseder, supplanter, surprised, surrogate, symbol, synecdoche, tactic, taken aback, taken by surprise, taken unawares, temporary, temporary arrangement, temporary expedient, temporary measure, tentative, third string, token, trick, tripped up, trump, unarranged, unbegun, unconcocted, uncontrived, undeliberated, understudy, undeveloped, undevised, uneven, unfinished, unhatched, unmade, unmanufactured, unorganized, unperfected, unplanned, unpremeditated, unprepared, unprimed, unready, unrehearsed, unsound, unstudied, unthorough, utility, utility player, vicar, vicarious, vice-president, vice-regent, wanting, working hypothesis, working proposition
pretext, pretense, pretension, plea, allegation, advocation, ostensible motive, ostensible ground, ostensible reason, phony reason, excuse, subterfuge, color, gloss, guise, cover, loop hole, starting hole, how to creep out of, salvo, come off, way of escape, handle, peg to hang on, room locus standi, stalking-horse, cheval de bataille, cue, pretense, put off, dust thrown in the eyes, blind, moonshine, mere pretext, shallow pretext, lame excuse, lame apology, tub to a whale, false plea, sour grapes, makeshift
, shift, white lie, special pleading, soft sawder, ostensibly, alleged, apologetic, pretended, ostensibly, under color, under the plea, under the pretense of, under the guise of.
substitution, commutation, supplanting, metaphor, metonymy, substitute, ersatz, makeshift
, temporary expedient, replacement, succedaneum, shift, pis aller, stopgap, jury rigging, jury mast, locum tenens, warming pan, dummy, scapegoat, double, changeling, quid pro quo, alternative, representative, palimpsest, price, purchase money, consideration, equivalent, substituted, ersatz, phony, vicarious, subdititious, instead, in place of, in lieu of, in the stead of, in the room of, faute de mieux.