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Adverb, Conjunction, Pronoun, Definite Article


Thatpron., a., conj., & adv. [AS. &edh;æt, neuter nom. & acc. sing. of the article (originally a demonstrative pronoun). The nom. masc. , and the nom. fem. seó are from a different root. AS. &edh;æt is akin to D. dat, G. das, OHG. daz, Sw. & Dan. det, Icel. þat (masc. , fem. ), Goth. þata (masc. sa, fem. ), Gr. (masc. , fem. ), Skr. tat (for tad, masc. sas, fem. ); cf. L. istud that. √184. Cf. The, Their, They, Them, This, Than, Since.].
  •  As a demonstrative pronoun (pl. Those), that usually points out, or refers to, a person or thing previously mentioned, or supposed to be understood. That, as a demonstrative, may precede the noun to which it refers; as, that which he has said is true; those in the basket are good apples.  [1913 Webster]
    " That may refer to an entire sentence or paragraph, and not merely to a word. It usually follows, but sometimes precedes, the sentence referred to."  [1913 Webster]
    " That is often used in opposition to this, or by way of distinction, and in such cases this, like the Latin hic and French ceci, generally refers to that which is nearer, and that, like Latin ille and French cela, to that which is more remote. When they refer to foreign words or phrases, this generally refers to the latter, and that to the former."  [1913 Webster]
    "The early fame of Gratian was equal to that of the most celebrated princes."  [1913 Webster]
    "That be far from thee, to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked."  [1913 Webster]
    "And when Moses heard that, he was content."  [1913 Webster]
    "I will know your business, Harry, that I will."  [1913 Webster]
    "Two principles in human nature reign;
    Self-love, to urge, and Reason, to restrain;
    Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this or that."  [1913 Webster]
  •  As an adjective, that has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun.  [1913 Webster]
    " That was formerly sometimes used with the force of the article the, especially in the phrases that one, that other, which were subsequently corrupted into th'tone, th'tother (now written t'other)."  [1913 Webster]
    "It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city."  [1913 Webster]
    "The woman was made whole from that hour."  [1913 Webster]
    "Upon a day out riden knightes two . . .
    That one of them came home, that other not.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  As a relative pronoun, that is equivalent to who or which, serving to point out, and make definite, a person or thing spoken of, or alluded to, before, and may be either singular or plural.  [1913 Webster]
    "He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame."  [1913 Webster]
    "A judgment that is equal and impartial must incline to the greater probabilities."  [1913 Webster]
    "We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen."  [1913 Webster]
    "That I have done it is thyself to wite [blame]."  [1913 Webster]
    "The ship that somebody was sailing in."  [1913 Webster]
    "I saw to-day a corpse yborn to church
    That now on Monday last I saw him wirche [work].
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "That that dieth, let it die; and that that is to cut off, let it be cut off."  [1913 Webster]
  •  As a conjunction, that retains much of its force as a demonstrative pronoun.  [1913 Webster]
    "She tells them 't is a causeless fantasy,
    And childish error, that they are afraid.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "I have shewed before, that a mere possibility to the contrary, can by no means hinder a thing from being highly credible."  [1913 Webster]
    "He does hear me;
    And that he does, I weep.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "These things I say, that ye might be saved."  [1913 Webster]
    "To the end that he may prolong his days."  [1913 Webster]
    "The birds their notes renew, and bleating herds
    Attest their joy, that hill and valley rings.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "He gazed so long
    That both his eyes were dazzled.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "So wept Duessa until eventide,
    That shining lamps in Jove's high course were lit.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "Is not this the day
    That Hermia should give answer of her choice?
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "Ha, cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen that that this knight and I have seen!"  [1913 Webster]
    "O God, that right should thus overcome might!"  [1913 Webster]
    "To try if that our own be ours or no."  [1913 Webster]
    "When he had carried Rome and that we looked
    For no less spoil than glory.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  As adverb: To such a degree; so; as, he was that frightened he could say nothing.  [1913 Webster]
    "With singing, laughing, ogling, and all that."  [1913 Webster]
    "The rank is but the guinea's stamp,
    The man's the gowd [gold] for a'that.
    "  [1913 Webster]


That, pron., adj., adv., & conj.
--demons.pron. (pl. those)
1 the person or thing indicated, named, or understood, esp. when observed by the speaker or when familiar to the person addressed (I heard that; who is that in the garden?; I knew all that before; that is not fair).
2 (contrasted with this) the further or less immediate or obvious etc. of two (this bag is much heavier than that).
3 the action, behaviour, or circumstances just observed or mentioned (don't do that again).
4 Brit. (on the telephone etc.) the person spoken to (who is that?).
5 colloq. referring to a strong feeling just mentioned ('Are you glad?' 'I am that').
6 (esp. in relative constructions) the one, the person, etc., described or specified in some way (those who have cars can take the luggage; those unfit for use; a table like that described above).
7 (pl. that) used instead of which or whom to introduce a defining clause, esp. one essential to identification (the book that you sent me; there is nothing here that matters).

all that very (not all that good). and all that (or and that colloq.) and all or various things associated with or similar to what has been mentioned; and so forth. like that
1 of that kind (is fond of books like that).
2 in that manner, as you are doing, as he has been doing, etc. (wish they would not talk like that).
3 colloq. without effort (did the job like that).
4 of that character (he would not accept any payment -- he is like that). that is (or that is to say) a formula introducing or following an explanation of a preceding word or words. that's colloq. you are (by virtue of present or future obedience etc.) (that's a good boy). that's more like it an acknowledgement of improvement. that's right an expression of approval or colloq. assent. that's that a formula concluding a narrative or discussion or indicating completion of a task. that there sl.
= sense
1 of adj. that will do no more is needed or desirable.
Often omitted in senses 1, 3: they say he is better.
OE th{aelig}t, nom. & acc. sing. neut. of demons. pron. & adj. se, seo, th{aelig}t f. Gmc; those f. OE thas pl. of thes THIS




N speciality, specialite, individuality, individuity, particularity, peculiarity, idiocrasy, personality, characteristic, mannerism, idiosyncrasy, specificness, singularity, reading, version, lection, state, trait, distinctive feature, technicality, differentia, particulars, details, items, counts, minutiae, I, self, I myself, myself, himself, herself, itself, special, particular, individual, specific, proper, personal, original, private, respective, definite, determinate, especial, certain, esoteric, endemic, partial, party, peculiar, appropriate, several, characteristic, diagnostic, exclusive, singular, idiomatic, idiotypical, typical, this, that, yon, yonder, specially, especially, particularly, in particular, in propria persona, ad hominem, for my part, each, apiece, one by one, one at a time, severally, respectively, each to each, seriatim, in detail, in great detail, in excruciating detail, in mind-numbing detail, bit by bit, pro hac vice, pro re nata, namely, that is to say, for example, id est, exemplia gratia, e, g, i, e, videlicet, viz, to wit, le style est l'homme meme.

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