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Noun, Verb (usu participle), Verb (transitive)


Noun Stand has 12 senses

Verb Stand has 12 senses


Standv. i. [OE. standen; AS. standan; akin to OFries. stonda, stān, D. staan, OS. standan, stān, OHG. stantan, stān, G. stehen, Icel. standa, Dan. staae, Sw. stå, Goth. standan, Russ. stoiate, L. stare, Gr. 'ista`nai to cause to stand, sth^nai to stand, Skr. sthā. √163. Cf. Assist, Constant, Contrast, Desist, Destine, Ecstasy, Exist, Interstice, Obstacle, Obstinate, Prest, n., Rest remainder, Solstice, Stable, a. & n., Staff, Stage, Stall, n., Stamen, Stanchion, Stanza, State, n., Statute, Stead, Steed, Stool, Stud of horses, Substance, System.].
  •  To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an upright or firm position  [1913 Webster]
    "It stands as it were to the ground yglued."  [1913 Webster]
    "The ruined wall
    Stands when its wind-worn battlements are gone.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  To occupy or hold a place; to have a situation; to be situated or located; as, Paris stands on the Seine.  [1913 Webster]
    "Wite ye not where there stands a little town?"  [1913 Webster]
  •  To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause; to halt; to remain stationary.  [1913 Webster]
    "I charge thee, stand,
    And tell thy name.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "The star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To remain without ruin or injury; to hold good against tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to endure; to last; hence, to find endurance, strength, or resources.  [1913 Webster]
    "My mind on its own center stands unmoved."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe.  [1913 Webster]
    "Readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition.  South.  [1913 Webster]
    "The king granted the Jews . . . to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To adhere to fixed principles; to maintain moral rectitude; to keep from falling into error or vice.  [1913 Webster]
    "We must labor so as to stand with godliness, according to his appointment."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation; as, Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts.  [1913 Webster]
  •  To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist.  Heb. ix. 10.  [1913 Webster]
    "Accomplish what your signs foreshow;
    I stand resigned, and am prepared to go.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "Thou seest how it stands with me, and that I may not tarry."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To be consistent; to agree; to accord.  [1913 Webster]
    "Doubt me not; by heaven, I will do nothing
    But what may stand with honor.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  To hold a course at sea; as, to stand from the shore; to stand for the harbor.  [1913 Webster]
    "From the same parts of heaven his navy stands."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To offer one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate.  [1913 Webster]
    "He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the university."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless.  [1913 Webster]
    "Or the black water of Pomptina stands."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To measure when erect on the feet.  [1913 Webster]
    "Six feet two, as I think, he stands."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To be or remain as it is; to continue in force; to have efficacy or validity; to abide.  [1913 Webster]
  •  To be, or signify that one is, willing to play with one's hand as dealt.  [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Stand by (Naut.), a preparatory order, equivalent to Be ready. -- To stand against, to oppose; to resist. -- To stand by. (a) To be near; to be a spectator; to be present. (b) To be aside; to be set aside with disregard. “In the interim [we] let the commands stand by neglected.” Dr. H. More. (c) To maintain; to defend; to support; not to desert; as, to stand by one's principles or party. (d) To rest on for support; to be supported by. Whitgift. (e) To remain as a spectator, and take no part in an action; as, we can't just stand idly by while people are being killed. -- To stand corrected, to be set right, as after an error in a statement of fact; to admit having been in error. Wycherley. -- To stand fast, to be fixed; to be unshaken or immovable. -- To stand firmly on, to be satisfied or convinced of. “Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his wife's frailty.” Shak. -- To stand for. (a) To side with; to espouse the cause of; to support; to maintain, or to profess or attempt to maintain; to defend. “I stand wholly for you.” Shak. (b) To be in the place of; to be the substitute or representative of; to represent; as, a cipher at the left hand of a figure stands for nothing. “I will not trouble myself, whether these names stand for the same thing, or really include one another.” Locke. (c) To tolerate; as, I won't stand for any delay. -- To stand in, to cost. “The same standeth them in much less cost.” Robynson (More's Utopia).
The Punic wars could not have stood the human race in less than three millions of the species. Burke.
To stand in hand, to conduce to one's interest; to be serviceable or advantageous. -- To stand off. (a) To keep at a distance. (b) Not to comply. (c) To keep at a distance in friendship, social intercourse, or acquaintance. (d) To appear prominent; to have relief. “Picture is best when it standeth off, as if it were carved.” Sir H. Wotton. -- To stand off and on (Naut.), to remain near a coast by sailing toward land and then from it. -- To stand on (Naut.), to continue on the same tack or course. -- To stand out. (a) To project; to be prominent. “Their eyes stand out with fatness.” Psalm lxxiii. 7. (b) To persist in opposition or resistance; not to yield or comply; not to give way or recede.
His spirit is come in,
stood out against the holy church. Shak.
To stand to. (a) To ply; to urge; to persevere in using. “Stand to your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars.” Dryden. (b) To remain fixed in a purpose or opinion. “I will stand to it, that this is his sense.” Bp. Stillingfleet. (c) To abide by; to adhere to; as to a contract, assertion, promise, etc.; as, to stand to an award; to stand to one's word. (d) Not to yield; not to fly; to maintain, as one's ground. “Their lives and fortunes were put in safety, whether they stood to it or ran away.” Bacon. (e) To be consistent with; to agree with; as, it stands to reason that he could not have done so; same as stand with, below . (f) To support; to uphold. “Stand to me in this cause.” Shak. -- To stand together, to be consistent; to agree. -- To stand to reason to be reasonable; to be expected. -- To stand to sea (Naut.), to direct the course from land. -- To stand under, to undergo; to withstand. Shak. -- To stand up. (a) To rise from sitting; to be on the feet. (b) To arise in order to speak or act. “Against whom, when the accusers stood up, they brought none accusation of such things as I supposed.” Acts xxv. 18. (c) To rise and stand on end, as the hair. (d) To put one's self in opposition; to contend. “Once we stood up about the corn.” Shak. -- To stand up for, to defend; to justify; to support, or attempt to support; as, to stand up for the administration. -- To stand upon. (a) To concern; to interest. (b) To value; to esteem. “We highly esteem and stand much upon our birth.” Ray. (c) To insist on; to attach much importance to; as, to stand upon security; to stand upon ceremony. (d) To attack; to assault. [A Hebraism] “So I stood upon him, and slew him.” 2 Sam. i. 10. -- To stand with, to be consistent with. “It stands with reason that they should be rewarded liberally.” Sir J. Davies.
Standv. t. 
  •  To endure; to sustain; to bear; as, I can not stand the cold or the heat.  [1913 Webster]
  •  To resist, without yielding or receding; to withstand.  Dryden.  [1913 Webster]
    "He stood the furious foe."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To abide by; to submit to; to suffer.  [1913 Webster]
    "Bid him disband his legions, . . .
    And stand the judgment of a Roman senate.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  To set upright; to cause to stand; as, to stand a book on the shelf; to stand a man on his feet.  [1913 Webster]
  •  To be at the expense of; to pay for; as, to stand a treat.  Thackeray.  [1913 Webster]
To stand fire, to receive the fire of arms from an enemy without giving way. -- To stand one's ground, to keep the ground or station one has taken; to maintain one's position. “Peasants and burghers, however brave, are unable to stand their ground against veteran soldiers.” Macaulay. -- To stand trial, to sustain the trial or examination of a cause; not to give up without trial.
Standn. [AS. stand. See Stand, v. i.].
  •  The act of standing.  [1913 Webster]
    "I took my stand upon an eminence . . . to look into their several ladings."  [1913 Webster]
  •  A halt or stop for the purpose of defense, resistance, or opposition; as, to come to, or to make, a stand.  [1913 Webster]
    "Vice is at stand, and at the highest flow."  [1913 Webster]
  •  A place or post where one stands; a place where one may stand while observing or waiting for something.  [1913 Webster]
    "I have found you out a stand most fit,
    Where you may have such vantage on the duke,
    He shall not pass you.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  A station in a city or town where carriages or wagons stand for hire; as, a cab stand.  Dickens.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A raised platform or station where a race or other outdoor spectacle may be viewed; as, the judge's or the grand stand at a race course.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A small table; also, something on or in which anything may be laid, hung, or placed upright; as, a hatstand; an umbrella stand; a music stand.  [1913 Webster]
  •  The place where a witness stands to testify in court.  [1913 Webster]
  •  The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.; as, a good, bad, or convenient stand for business.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Rank; post; station; standing.  [1913 Webster]
    "Father, since your fortune did attain
    So high a stand, I mean not to descend.
    "  [1913 Webster]
  •  A state of perplexity or embarrassment; as, to be at a stand what to do.  L'Estrange.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A young tree, usually reserved when other trees are cut; also, a tree growing or standing upon its own root, in distinction from one produced from a scion set in a stock, either of the same or another kind of tree.  [1913 Webster]
  •  A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds, -- used in weighing pitch.  [1913 Webster]
Microscope stand, the instrument, excepting the eyepiece, objective, and other removable optical parts. -- Stand of ammunition, the projectile, cartridge, and sabot connected together. -- Stand of arms. (Mil.) See under Arms. -- Stand of colors (Mil.), a single color, or flag. Wilhelm (Mil. Dict.) -- To be at a stand, to be stationary or motionless; to be at a standstill; hence, to be perplexed; to be embarrassed. -- To make a stand, to halt for the purpose of offering resistance to a pursuing enemy.
Syn. -- Stop; halt; rest; interruption; obstruction; perplexity; difficulty; embarrassment; hesitation.


Stand, v. & n.
--v. (past and past part. stood)
1 intr. have or take or maintain an upright position, esp. on the feet or a base.
2 intr. be situated or located (here once stood a village).
3 intr. be of a specified height (stands six foot three).
4 intr. be in a specified condition (stands accused; the thermometer stood at 90°; the matter stands as follows; stood in awe of them).
5 tr. place or set in an upright or specified position (stood it against the wall).
6 intr. a move to and remain in a specified position (stand aside). b take a specified attitude (stand aloof).
7 intr. maintain a position; avoid falling or moving or being moved (the house will stand for another century; stood for hours arguing).
8 intr. assume a stationary position; cease to move (now stand still).
9 intr. remain valid or unaltered; hold good (the former conditions must stand).
10 intr. Naut. hold a specified course (stand in for the shore; you are standing into danger).
11 tr. endure without yielding or complaining; tolerate (cannot stand the pain; how can you stand him?).
12 tr. provide for another or others at one's own expense (stood him a drink).
13 intr. (often foll. by for) Brit. be a candidate (for an office, legislature, or constituency) (stood for Parliament; stood for Finchley).
14 intr. act in a specified capacity (stood proxy).
15 tr. undergo (trial).
16 intr. Cricket act as umpire.
17 intr. (of a dog) point, set.
18 intr. (in full stand at stud) (of a stallion) be available for breeding.
1 a cessation from motion or progress, a stoppage (was brought to a stand).
2 a a halt made, or a stationary condition assumed, for the purpose of resistance. b resistance to attack or compulsion (esp. make a stand). c Cricket a prolonged period at the wicket by two batsmen.
3 a a position taken up (took his stand near the door). b an attitude adopted.
4 a rack, set of shelves, table, etc., on or in which things may be placed (music stand; hatstand).
5 a a small open-fronted structure for a trader outdoors or in a market etc. b a structure occupied by a participating organization at an exhibition.
6 a standing-place for vehicles (cab-stand).
7 a a raised structure for persons to sit or stand on. b US a witness-box (take the stand).
8 Theatr. etc. each halt made on a tour to give one or more performances.
9 a group of growing plants (stand of trees; stand of clover).

as it stands
1 in its present condition, unaltered.
2 in the present circumstances. be at a stand archaic be unable to proceed, be in perplexity. it stands to reason see REASON. stand alone be unequalled. stand and deliver! hist. a highwayman's order to hand over valuables etc. stand at bay see BAY(5).
stand back
1 withdraw; take up a position further from the front.
2 withdraw psychologically in order to take an objective view.
stand by
1 stand nearby; look on without interfering (will not stand by and see him ill-treated).
2 uphold, support, side with (a person).
3 adhere to, abide by (terms or promises).
4 Naut. stand ready to take hold of or operate (an anchor etc.). stand-by n. (pl.
1 a person or thing ready if needed in an emergency etc.
2 readiness for duty (on stand-by).
1 ready for immediate use.
2 (of air travel) not booked in advance but allocated on the basis of earliest availability. stand camera a camera for use on a tripod, not hand-held. stand a chance see CHANCE. stand corrected accept correction. stand down 1 withdraw (a person) or retire from a team, witness-box, or similar position.
2 Brit. cease to be a candidate etc.
3 Brit. Mil. go off duty. stand easy! see EASY. stand for 1 represent, signify, imply ('US' stands for 'United States'; democracy stands for a great deal more than that).
2 (often with neg.) colloq. endure, tolerate, acquiesce in.
3 espouse the cause of. stand one's ground maintain one's position, not yield. stand high be high in status, price, etc. stand in (usu. foll. by for) deputize; act in place of another. stand-in n. a deputy or substitute, esp. for an actor when the latter's acting ability is not needed. stand in the breach see BREACH. stand in good stead see STEAD. stand in with be in league with. stand of arms Brit. Mil. a complete set of weapons for one man. stand of colours Brit. Mil. a regiment's flags.
stand off
1 move or keep away, keep one's distance.
2 Brit. temporarily dispense with the services of (an employee).
stand-off n.
1 US a deadlock.
2 = stand-off half. stand-off half Rugby Football a half-back who forms a link between the scrum-half and the three-quarters.
stand on
1 insist on, observe scrupulously (stand on ceremony; stand on one's dignity).
2 Naut. continue on the same course. stand on me sl. rely on me; believe me. stand on one's own feet (or legs) be self-reliant or independent.
stand out
1 be prominent or conspicuous or outstanding.
2 (usu. foll. by against, for) hold out; persist in opposition or support or endurance.
stand over
1 stand close to (a person) to watch, control, threaten, etc.
2 be postponed, be left for later settlement etc. stand pat see PAT(2).
stand to
1 Mil. stand ready for an attack (esp. before dawn or after dark).
2 abide by, adhere to (terms or promises).
3 be likely or certain to (stands to lose everything).
4 uphold, support, or side with (a person). stand treat bear the expense of entertainment etc.
stand up
1 a rise to one's feet from a sitting or other position. b come to or remain in or place in a standing position.
2 (of an argument etc.) be valid.
3 colloq. fail to keep an appointment with. stand-up attrib.a
1 (of a meal) eaten standing.
2 (of a fight) violent, thorough, or fair and square.
3 (of a collar) upright, not turned down.
4 (of a comedian) performing by standing before an audience and telling jokes. stand up for support, side with, maintain (a person or cause). stand upon = stand on.
stand up to
1 meet or face (an opponent) courageously.
2 be resistant to the harmful effects of (wear, use, etc.). stand well (usu. foll. by with) be on good terms or in good repute. take one's stand on base one's argument etc. on, rely on.
stander n.
OE standan f. Gmc



Anschauung, abide, abide by, abide with, accept, adhere to, advocate, affirm, affirmance, affirmation, afford, allegation, allow, allude to, ambo, anchor, angle, angle of vision, announcement, annunciation, answer, apply, arise, arrest, assertion, asseveration, attitude, avail, averment, avouchment, avowal, back, baluster, balustrade, bandstand, banister, bar, barrow, base, basis, be, be contingent on, be equal to, be erect, be extant, be found, be in existence, be located, be met with, be present, be proof against, be situated, be still, be the case, be there, bear, bear up, bear up against, bear up under, bear with, beard, beetle, belief, bell, bench, betoken, bide, billet at, bivouac, blind alley, blow, blow to, board, booking, booth, borscht circuit, box, bracket, brake, brave, breathe, brook, buffet, bulge, bum around, burrow, camp, campaign for, carry on, cart, caryatid, cessation, challenge, champion, check, checkmate, circuit, clump, coast, colonize, colonnade, color, column, combative reaction, come to anchor, complain, complain loudly, complaint, conclusion, confirm, confront, contend with, contest a seat, continue, continue to be, cope with, coppice, copse, corner, countenance, counter, counteraction, creed, crop, cul-de-sac, cutoff, dado, dais, date, dead end, dead set, dead stand, dead stop, dead-end street, deadlock, declaration, defeat time, defence, defend, defiance, defy, defy time, demur, depend, desk, dictum, die, dispute, dissent, dissentience, distance, do, do it, do nothing, domesticate, double for, drop anchor, dwell, dwell in, dying down, ebb, ebbing, effort, encounter, end, endgame, ending, endure, engagement, ensconce, enter the lists, enunciation, epitomize, escritoire, establish residence, exemplify, exist, experience, extend, extremity, eye, face, face down, face out, face up to, favor, feeling, fill the bill, final whistle, foothold, footing, footplate, footrail, footrest, footstalk, fractiousness, frame, frame of reference, framework, freeze, front, fulfill, full stop, get by, get up, go around, go on, go treat, goof off, grinding halt, ground, grove, growth, gun, hack it, halt, handle, hang, hang around, hang in, hang in there, hang tough, happen to be, hassock, have being, have place, hive, hold, hold on, hold out, hold up, hole, idle, illustrate, impasse, indwell, inhabit, inhere, ipse dixit, jack, jilt, just do, jut out, keep, keep house, keep on, keep quiet, kick against, kiosk, last, last long, last out, laze, lazy, lectern, lie, lie around, lie in, lie still, light, line, live, live at, live on, live through, loaf, locate, lock, lockout, locus standi, loiter about, loll around, lollop around, lounge, lounge around, lump, lump it, maintain, make a stand, make the grade, manifesto, mark time, mean, meet, meet head-on, meet requirements, mental outlook, mooch around, moon, moon around, moor, move, negativism, nest, newel-post, news kiosk, newsstand, noncooperation, not breathe, not stir, object, objection, obstinacy, obtain, obtrude, occur, offer resistance, opinion, oppose, opposition, outlast, outlook, overhang, park, pass, pass muster, passive resistance, pay the bill, pedestal, pedicel, peduncle, people, perch, perdure, perennate, performance, persevere, persist, persist in, perspective, philosophy, pier, pilaster, pile, piling, pillar, pinch-hit for, place, plantation, planting, platform, playing engagement, plinth, point of view, pole, policy, populate, position, position paper, positive declaration, post, posture, predicate, predication, prevail, proclamation, profession, project, promote, pronouncement, proposition, protest, protestation, protrude, purchase, put, put up with, qualify, queen-post, question, quit, rack, reach, reaction, reaffirm, rebuff, recalcitrance, recalcitrancy, recalcitrate, recalcitration, refer to, reference system, refractoriness, regard, relieve, relocate, reluct, reluctance, remain, remain motionless, remonstrance, remonstrate, renitence, renitency, repel, repellence, repellency, replace, repose, represent, repulse, repulsion, reside, resign, resist, resistance, respect, rest, revolt, rise, roost, run, run for, run for office, run on, satisfy, say, say-so, saying, seat, second, secretaire, secretary, sentiment, serve, serve the purpose, set, set up, set up housekeeping, set up shop, settle, settle down, shaft, shout, show, show fight, side, side with, sight, signify, sit around, sit down, sit-down strike, situation, slant, slouch, slouch around, socle, spare, spare the price, spinney, sponsor, squat, staff, stage, staging, stalemate, stalk, stall, stance, stanchion, stand, stand around, stand at attention, stand at bay, stand at ease, stand behind, stand by, stand down, stand drinks, stand erect, stand fast, stand firm, stand for, stand for office, stand in, stand out, stand still, stand to, stand treat, stand up, stand up against, stand up for, stand up straight, stand up to, stand upright, standard, standing, standing place, standoff, standpoint, standstill, statement, station, status, stay, stay at, stay on, stay put, stem, step aside, stick, stick fast, stick out, stick to, stick up for, stillstand, stomach, stop, stopover, stoppage, stretch, strike, strike root, strive against, subbase, subscribe to, subsidence, subsidize, subsist, substitute for, suffer, suffice, support, surbase, survive, sustain, swallow, symbolize, sympathize with, system, table, take, take it, take residence at, take root, take up residence, take up with, tarry, thicket, tide over, toehold, tolerate, tour, tread water, treat, treat to, trunk, tuft, tussock, typify, uncooperativeness, undergo, understudy for, universe, uphold, upright, utterance, vaudeville circuit, venue, view, viewpoint, vouch, walkout, wane, waning, wear, wear well, weather, well afford, withdraw, withstand, withstanding, wood, word, work, work stoppage, workbench, writing table




VB exist, be, have being, subsist, live, breathe, stand, obtain, be the case, occur, have place, prevail, find oneself, pass the time, vegetate, consist in, lie in, be comprised in, be contained in, be constituted by, come into existence, arise, come forth, become, bring into existence, abide, continue, endure, last, remain, stay.


N term, rank, station, stage, step, degree, scale, remove, grade, link, peg, round of the ladder, status, position, place, point, mark, pas, period, pitch, stand, standing, footing, range.


N difficulty, hardness, impracticability, tough work, hard work, uphill work, hard task, Herculean task, Augean task, task of Sisyphus, Sisyphean labor, tough job, teaser, rasper, dead lift, dilemma, embarrassment, deadlock, perplexity, intricacy, entanglement, complexity, cross fire, awkwardness, delicacy, ticklish card to play, knot, Gordian knot, dignus vindice nodus, net, meshes, maze, coil, crooked path, involvement, nice point, delicate point, subtle point, knotty point, vexed question, vexata quaestio, poser, puzzle, paradox, hard nut to crack, nut to crack, bone to pick, crux, pons asinorum, where the shoe pinches, nonplus, quandary, strait, pass, pinch, pretty pass, stress, brunt, critical situation, crisis, trial, rub, emergency, exigency, scramble, scrape, hobble, slough, quagmire, hot water, hornet's nest, sea of troubles, peck of troubles, pretty kettle of fish, pickle, stew, imbroglio, mess, ado, false position, set fast, stand, standstill, deadlock, dead set, fix, horns of a dilemma, cul de sac, hitch, stumbling block, crab, curmudgeon, difficult, not easy, hard, tough, troublesome, toilsome, irksome, operose, laborious, onerous, arduous, Herculean, formidable, sooner said than done, more easily said than done, easier said than done, difficult to deal with, hard to deal with, ill-conditioned, crabbed, crabby, not to be handled with kid gloves, not made with rose water, awkward, unwieldy, unmanageable, intractable, stubborn, perverse, refractory, plaguy, trying, thorny, rugged, knotted, knotty, invious, pathless, trackless, labyrinthine, intricate, complicated, impracticable, not feasible, desperate, embarrassing, perplexing, delicate, ticklish, critical, beset with difficulties, full of difficulties, surrounded by difficulties, entangled by difficulties, encompassed with difficulties, under a difficulty, in a box, in difficulty, in hot water, in the suds, in a cleft stick, in a fix, in the wrong box, in a scrape, in deep water, in a fine pickle, in extremis, between two stools, between Scylla and Charybdis, surrounded by shoals, surrounded by breakers, surrounded by quicksands, at cross purposes, not out of the wood, reduced to straits, hard pressed, sorely pressed, run hard, pinched, put to it, straitened, hard up, hard put to it, hard set, put to one's shifts, puzzled, at a loss, at the end of one's tether, at the end of one's rope, at one's wit's end, at a nonplus, at a standstill, graveled, nonplused, nonplussed, stranded, aground, stuck fast, set fast, up a tree, at bay, aux abois, driven into a corner, driven from pillar to post, driven to extremity, driven to one's wit's end, driven to the wall, au bout de son Latin, out of one's depth, thrown out, accomplished with difficulty, hard-fought, hard-earned, with difficulty, with much ado, barely, hardly, uphill, against the stream, against the grain, d rebours, invita Minerva, in the teeth of, at a pinch, upon a pinch, at long odds, against long odds, ay there's the rub, hic labor hoc opus, things are come to a pretty pass, ab inconvenienti, ad astra per aspera, acun chemin de fleurs ne conduit a la gloire.


N resistance, stand, front, oppugnation, oppugnancy, opposition, renitence, renitency, reluctation, recalcitration, kicking, repulse, rebuff, insurrection, strike, turn out, lock out, barring out, levee en masse, Jacquerie, riot, resisting, resistive, resistant, refractory, recalcitrant, renitent, up in arms, repulsive, repellant, proof against, unconquerable, stubborn, unconquered, indomitable, unyielding, Int, hands off!, keep off!.

VB resist, not submit, repugn, reluct, reluctate, withstand, stand up against, strive against, bear up under, bear up against, be proof against, make head against, stand, stand firm, stand one's ground, stand the brunt of, stand out, hold one's grounds, hold one's own, hold out, hold firm, breast the wave, breast the current, stem the tide, stem the torrent, face, confront, grapple with, show a bold front, present a front, make a stand, take one's stand, kick, kick against, recalcitrate, kick against the pricks, oppose, fly in the face of, lift the hand against, rise up in arms, strike, turn out, draw up a round robin, revolt, make a riot, prendre le mors aux dents, take the bit between the teeth, sell one's life dearly, die hard, keep at bay, repel, repulse.


N politics, political science, candidacy, campaign, campaigning, electioneering, partisanship, ideology, factionalism, election, poll, ballot, vote, referendum, recall, initiative, voice, suffrage, plumper, cumulative vote, plebiscitum, plebiscite, vox populi, electioneering, voting, elective franchise, straight ticket, opinion poll, popularity poll, issue, opinion, stand, position, program, platform, party line, democracy, republicanism, communism, statism, state socialism, socialism, conservatism, toryism, liberalism, whigism, theocracy, constitutional monarchy, party, Democratic Party, Republican Party, Socialist Party, Communist Party, Federalist Party, Bull Moose Party, Abolitionist Party, Christian Democratic Party, Social Democratic Party, National Socialist Worker's Party, Nazi Party, Liberal Party, Labor Party, Conservative Party, ticket, slate, politician activist, candidate, aspirant, hopeful, office-seeker, front- runner, dark horse, long shot, shoo-in, supporter, backer, political worker, campaign worker, lobbyist, contributor, party hack, ward heeler, regional candidate, favorite son, running mate, stalking horse, perpetual candidate, political animal, political contribution, campaign contribution, political action committee, PAC, political district, electoral division, electoral district, bailiwick, electorate, constituents, get-out-the-vote campaign, political education, negative campaigning, dirty politics, smear campaign, also-ran, loser, has-been, office holder, official, occupant of a position, public servant, incumbent, winner, political, partisan, Money is the mother's milk of politics.


VB last, endure, stand, remain, abide, continue, brave a thousand years, tarry, drag on, drag its slow length along, drag a lengthening chain, protract, prolong, spin out, eke out, draw out, lengthen out, temporize, gain time, make time, talk against time, outlast, outlive, survive, live to fight again.


N mart, market, marketplace, fair, bazaar, staple, exchange, change, bourse, hall, guildhall, tollbooth, customhouse, Tattersall's, stall, booth, stand, newsstand, cart, wagon, wharf, office, chambers, countinghouse, bureau, counter, compter, shop, emporium, establishment, store, department store, general store, five and ten, variety store, co-op, finding store, grindery warehouse, grocery, supermarket, candy store, sweet shop, confectionery, bakery, greengrocer, delicatessen, bakeshop, butcher shop, fish store, farmers' market, mom and pop store, dairy, health food store, tobacco shop, tobacco store, tobacconists, cigar store, hardware store, jewelry shop, bookstore, liquor store, gun shop, rod and reel shop, furniture store, drugstore, chemist's, florist, flower shop, shoe store, stationer, stationer's, electronics shop, telephone store, music store, record shop, fur store, sporting goods store, video store, video rental store, lumber store, lumber yard, home improvements store, home improvement center, gas station, auto repair shop, auto dealer, used car dealer, mall, suburban mall, commons, pedestrian mall, shopping street, surplus store, army-navy surplus store, auction, flea market, yard sale, garage sale, pawn shop, antiques store, second-hand store, second time around shop, thrift shop, warehouse, wareroom, depot, interposit, entrepot, market-overt, real-estate broker, vending machine.


VB let alone, let be, let it be, persist, remain, stay, tarry, rest, stet (copy editing) hold, hold on, last, endure, bide, abide, aby, dwell, maintain, keep, stand, stand still, stand fast, subsist, live, outlive, survive, hold one's ground, keep one's ground, hold one's footing, keep one's footing, hold good.


VB feel, receive an impression, be impressed with, entertain feeling, harbor feeling, cherish feeling, respond, catch the flame, catch the infection, enter the spirit of, bear, suffer, support, sustain, endure, thole, aby, abide, experience, taste, prove, labor under, smart under, bear the brunt of, brave, stand, swell, glow, warm, flush, blush, change color, mantle, turn color, turn pale, turn red, turn black in the face, tingle, thrill, heave, pant, throb, palpitate, go pitapat, tremble, quiver, flutter, twitter, shake, be agitated, be excited, look blue, look black, wince, draw a deep breath, impress.


VB be composed, laisser faire, laisser aller, take things easily, take things as they come, take it easy, rub on, live and let live, take easily, take cooly, take in good part, aequam servare mentem, bear the brunt, bear well, go through, support, endure, brave, disregard, tolerate, suffer, stand, bide, abide, aby, bear with, put up with, take up with, abide with, acquiesce, submit, submit with a good grace, resign oneself to, reconcile oneself to, brook, digest, eat, swallow, pocket, stomach, make light of, make the best of, make 'a virtue of necessity', put a good face on, keep one's countenance, check, check oneself, compose, appease (moderate), propitiate, repress, render insensible, overcome one's excitability, allay one's excitability, repress one's excitability, master one's feelings, make oneself easy, make one's mind easy, set one's mind at ease, set one's mind at rest, calm down, cool down, gentle, thaw, grow cool, be borne, be endured, go down.


VB exist in space, be present, assister, make one of, make one at, look on, attend, remain, find oneself, present oneself, show one's face, fall in the way of, occur in a place, lie, stand, occupy, be there, people, inhabit, dwell, reside, stay, sojourn, live, abide, lodge, nestle, roost, perch, take up one's abode, tenant, resort to, frequent, haunt, revisit, fill, pervade, permeate, be diffused, be disseminated, be through, over spread, overrun, run through, meet one at every turn.


N support, ground, foundation, base, basis, terra firma, bearing, fulcrum, bait, caudex crib, point d'appui, pou sto, purchase footing, hold, locus standi, landing place, landing stage, stage, platform, block, rest, resting place, groundwork, substratum, riprap, sustentation, subvention, floor, supporter, aid, prop, stand, anvil, fulciment, cue rest, jigger, monkey, stay, shore, skid, rib, truss, bandage, sleeper, stirrup, stilts, shoe, sole, heel, splint, lap, bar, rod, boom, sprit, outrigger, ratlings, staff, stick, crutch, alpenstock, baton, staddle, bourdon, cowlstaff, lathi, mahlstick, post, pillar, shaft, thill, column, pilaster, pediment, pedicle, pedestal, plinth, shank, leg, socle, zocle, buttress, jamb, mullion, abutment, baluster, banister, stanchion, balustrade, headstone, upright, door post, jamb, door jamb, frame, framework, scaffold, skeleton, beam, rafter, girder, lintel, joist, travis, trave, corner stone, summer, transom, rung, round, step, sill, angle rafter, hip rafter, cantilever, modillion, crown post, king post, vertebra, columella, backbone, keystone, axle, axletree, axis, arch, mainstay, trunnion, pivot, rowlock, peg, tiebeam, thole pin, board, ledge, shelf, hob, bracket, trevet, trivet, arbor, rack, mantel, mantle piece, mantleshelf, slab, console, counter, dresser, flange, corbel, table, trestle, shoulder, perch, horse, easel, desk, clotheshorse, hatrack, retable, teapoy, seat, throne, dais, divan, musnud, chair, bench, form, stool, sofa, settee, stall, arm chair, easy chair, elbow chair, rocking chair, couch, fauteuil, woolsack, ottoman, settle, squab, bench, aparejo, faldstool, horn, long chair, long sleeve chair, morris chair, lamba chauki, lamba kursi, saddle, pannel, pillion, side saddle, pack saddle, pommel, bed, berth, pallet, tester, crib, cot, hammock, shakedown, trucklebed, cradle, litter, stretcher, bedstead, four poster, French bed, bunk, kip, palang, bedding, bichhona, mattress, paillasse, pillow, bolster, mat, rug, cushion, footstool, hassock, tabouret, tripod, monopod, Atlas, Persides, Atlantes, Caryatides, Hercules, supporting, supported, fundamental, dorsigerous, astride on, straddle.


VB be excluded from, exclude, bar, leave out, shut out, bar out, reject, repudiate, blackball, lay apart, put apart, set apart, lay aside, put aside, relegate, segregate, throw overboard, strike off, strike out, neglect, banish, separate, pass over, omit, garble, eliminate, weed, winnow, be secluded, live secluded, keep aloof, stand, hold oneself aloof, keep in the background, stand in the background, keep snug, shut oneself up, deny oneself, seclude oneself creep into a corner, rusticate, aller planter ses choux, retire, retire from the world, take the veil, abandon, sport one's oak, cut, cut dead, refuse to associate with, refuse to acknowledge, look cool upon, turn one's back upon, shut the door upon, repel, blackball, excommunicate, exclude, exile, expatriate, banish, outlaw, maroon, ostracize, proscribe, cut off from, send to Coventry, keep at arm's length, draw a cordon round, depopulate, dispeople, unpeople.


VB be quiescent, stand still, lie still, keep quiet, repose, hold the breath, remain, stay, stand, lie to, ride at anchor, remain in situ, tarry, mark time, bring to, heave to, lay to, pull up, draw up, hold, halt, stop, stop short, rest, pause, anchor, cast to an anchor, come to an anchor, rest on one's oars, repose on one's laurels, take breath, stop, stagnate, quieta non movere, let alone, abide, rest and be thankful, keep within doors, stay at home, go to bed, dwell, settle, alight, stick, stick fast, stand like a post, not stir a peg, not stir a step, be at a stand, quell, becalm, hush, stay, lull to sleep, lay an embargo on.


N intelligence, wisdom, intelligence, capacity, comprehension, understanding, cuteness, sabe, savvy, intellect, nous, parts, sagacity, mother wit, wit, esprit, gumption, quick parts, grasp of intellect, acuteness, acumen, subtlety, penetration, perspicacy, perspicacity, discernment, due sense of, good judgment, discrimination, cunning, refinement, head, brains, headpiece, upper story, long head, eagle eye, eagle- glance, eye of a lynx, eye of a hawk, wisdom, sapience, sense, good sense, common sense, horse sense, plain sense, rationality, reason, reasonableness, judgment, solidity, depth, profundity, caliber, enlarged views, reach of thought, compass of thought, enlargement of mind, genius, inspiration, geist, fire of genius, heaven-born genius, soul, talent, prudence, vigilance, tact, foresight, sobriety, self-possession, aplomb, ballast, a bright thought, not a bad idea, Solomon-like wisdom, intelligent, quick of apprehension, keen, acute, alive, brainy, awake, bright, quick, sharp, quick witted, keen witted, clear witted, sharp-eyed, sharp sighted, sharp witted, wide- awake, canny, shrewd, astute, clear-headed, farsighted, discerning, perspicacious, penetrating, piercing, argute, quick-witted, nimble-witted, needle-witted, sharp as a needle, sharp as a tack, alive to, clever, arch, pas si bete, acute, wise, sage, sapient, sagacious, reasonable, rational, sound, in one's right mind, sensible, abnormis sapiens, judicious, strong- minded, unprejudiced, unbiased, unbigoted, unprepossessed, undazzled, unperplexed, unwarped judgment, impartial, equitable, fair, cool, cool-headed, long-headed, hardheaded, strong-headed, long- sighted, calculating, thoughtful, reflecting, solid, deep, profound, oracular, heaven-directed, heaven-born, prudent, sober, stand, solid, considerate, politic, wise in one's generation, watchful, provident, in advance of one' age, wise as a serpent, wise as Solomon, wise as Solon, wise, sensible, reasonable, judicious, well- thought-out, well-planned, well-judged, well-advised, prudent, politic, expedient, aut regem aut fatuum nasci oportet, but with the morning cool reflection came, flosculi sententiarum, les affaires font les hommes, mas vale saber que haber, mas vale ser necio que profiadol nemo solus sapit, nosce te, gnothi seauton, nullum magnum ingenium sine mixtura dementiae fuit, sapere aude, victrix fortunae sapientia.

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