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**parity**(n = noun.state) para - (obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered; "the parity of the mother must be considered"; "a bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"
is a kind of
gestation,
maternity,
pregnancy
**parity**(n = noun.linkdef) - (mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity; "parity is often used to check the integrity of transmitted data"
is a kind of
mathematical relation
**parity**(n = noun.quantity) check bit, parity bit - (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error;
is a kind of
bit
**parity**(n = noun.cognition) conservation of parity, mirror symmetry, space-reflection symmetry - (physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system;
is a kind of
conservation
**parity**(n = noun.attribute) - functional equality;
is a kind of
equivalence

has particulars: evenness, oddness

- The quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; a like state or degree; equality; equivalence; close correspondence; analogy; as, parity of reasoning.
*De Quincey.*[*1913 Webster*]"Equality of length and parity of numeration." [*1913 Webster*] - Equivalence in value to the currency of another country. [
*PJC*] - A property assigned to elementary particles, conceptualized as a form of symmetry, representing the fact that no fundamental distinctions can be observed between right-handed and left-handed systems of particles in their interactions, and supported by the typical observation that the total parity of a system is unchanged as particles are created or annihilated; however, certain interactions involving the weak force have been shown to violate the principle of conservation of parity. [
*PJC*] - A property of the wave function of a system, which takes the value of +1 or -1, indicating whether the value of the wave function changes sign if each of the variables of the system is replaced by its negative. [
*PJC*] - The condition of having borne a child or children, alive or dead. [
*PJC*] - The property of being even or odd; as, 3 has odd parity, but 6 has even parity. [
*PJC*] - The property of having an even or odd number of bits set to the value of 1 (as opposed to 0); -- applied to bytes or larger groups of bits in a data structure. It is used mostly in the process of parity checking. The parity of a data structure can be changed by changing the value of the parity bit. [
*PJC*]

1 equality or equal status, esp. as regards status or pay.

2 parallelism or analogy (parity of reasoning).

3 equivalence of one currency with another; being at par.

4 (of a number) the fact of being even or odd.

5 Physics (of a quantity) the fact of changing its sign or remaining unaltered under a given transformation of coordinates etc.

1 the fact or condition of having borne children.

2 the number of children previously borne.

Etymology

formed as -PAROUS + -ITY

See related words and definitions of word "parity" in Indonesian