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Adjective, Noun


Noun surplus has 1 sense

Adjective surplus has 1 sense

  • surplus(s = adj.all) excess, extra, redundant, spare, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"


surplusn. [F., fr. sur over + plus more. See Sur-, and Plus, and cf. Superplus.].
  •  That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.  [1913 Webster]
     Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words.  [1913 Webster]
    "When the price of corn falleth, men give over surplus tillage, and break no more ground."  [1913 Webster]


surplus, n. & adj.
1 an amount left over when requirements have been met.
2 a an excess of revenue over expenditure in a given period, esp. a financial year (opp. DEFICIT). b the excess value of a company's assets over the face value of its stock.
--adj. exceeding what is needed or used.

surplus value Econ. the difference between the value of work done and wages paid.
ME f. AF surplus, OF s(o)urplus f. med.L superplus (as SUPER-, + plus more)



accessory, additional, ancillary, another, as a bonus, auxiliary, balance, bonus, boot, bounce, break, bump, bust, can, cashier, collateral, contributory, credit, de trop, deficiency, deficit, defrock, degrade, demote, deplume, depose, deprive, difference, disbar, discharge, discrepancy, disemploy, dismiss, displace, displume, dividend, drum out, epact, exaggeration, excess, expel, extra, farther, fire, for lagniappe, fresh, furlough, further, give the ax, give the gate, glut, gratuity, inundation, kick, kick upstairs, lagniappe, lay off, left, leftover, leftovers, let go, let out, make redundant, margin, more, net, new, odd, other, outstanding, over, over and above, overabundance, overage, overdose, overflow, overflowing, overgrowth, overkill, overmeasure, overmuch, overpass, overplus, overrun, overrunning, overset, overspreading, overstock, oversupply, pension off, plethora, plus, pourboire, read out of, redundancy, redundant, release, remainder, remaining, remanent, remove, replace, retire, sack, separate forcibly, something extra, spare, strip, superannuate, superfluity, superfluous, superiority, supernumerary, supplemental, supplementary, surfeit, surplusage, surviving, suspend, tip, to spare, turn off, turn out, ulterior, unconsumed, unfrock, unused




N redundancy, redundance, too much, too many, superabundance, superfluity, superfluence, saturation, nimiety, transcendency, exuberance, profuseness, profusion, repletion, enough in all conscience, satis superque, lion's share, more than enough, plethora, engorgement, congestion, load, surfeit, sickener, turgescence, overdose, overmeasure, oversupply, overflow, inundation, avalanche, accumulation, heap, drug, drug in the market, glut, crowd, burden, excess, surplus, overplus, epact, margin, remainder, duplicate, surplusage, expletive, work of supererogation, bonus, bonanza, luxury, intemperance, extravagance, exorbitance, lavishment, pleonasm, too many irons in the fire, embarras de richesses, redundant, too much, too many, exuberant, inordinate, superabundant, excessive, overmuch, replete, profuse, lavish, prodigal, exorbitant, overweening, extravagant, overcharged, supersaturated, drenched, overflowing, running over, running to waste, running down, crammed to overflowing, filled to overflowing, gorged, ready to burst, dropsical, turgid, plethoric, obese, superfluous, unnecessary, needless, supervacaneous, uncalled for, to spare, in excess, over and above, de trop, adscititious, supernumerary, on one's hands, spare, duplicate, supererogatory, expletive, un peu fort, over, too, over and above, overmuch, too much, too far, without measure, beyond measure, out of measure, with a to spare, over head and ears, up to one's eyes, up to one's ears, extra, beyond the mark, acervatim, it never rains but it pours, fortuna multis dat nimium nulli satis, Degree of Subservience.


N superiority, majority, greatness, advantage, pull, preponderance, preponderation, vantage ground, prevalence, partiality, personal superiority, nobility, Triton among the minnows, primus inter pares, nulli secundus, captain, crackajack, supremacy, preeminence, lead, maximum, record, trikumia, climax, culmination, transcendence, ne plus ultra, lion's share, Benjamin's mess, excess, surplus, (redundancy), superior, greater, major, higher, exceeding, great, distinguished, ultra, vaulting, more than a match for, supreme, greatest, utmost, paramount, preeminent, foremost, crowning, first-rate, unrivaled peerless, matchless, none such, second to none, sans pareil, unparagoned, unparalleled, unequalled, unapproached, unsurpassed, superlative, inimitable facile princeps, incomparable, sovereign, without parallel, nulli secundus, ne plus ultra, beyond compare, beyond comparison, culminating, transcendent, transcendental, plus royaliste que le Roi, more catholic than the Pope increased, enlarged, beyond, more, over, over the mark, above the mark, above par, upwards of, in advance of, over and above, at the top of the scale, at its height, eminently, egregiously, preeminently, surpassing, prominently, superlatively, supremely, above all, of all things, the most, to crown all, kat exochin, par excellence, principally, especially, particularly, peculiarly, a fortiori, even, yea, still more, I shall not look upon his like again, deos fortioribus addesse.


N remainder, residue, remains, remanent, remnant, rest, relic, leavings, heeltap, odds and ends, cheesepairings, candle ends, orts, residuum, dregs, refuse, stubble, result, educt, fag-end, ruins, wreck, skeleton, stump, alluvium, surplus, overplus, excess, balance, complement, superplus, surplusage, superfluity, survival, survivance, remaining, left, left behind left over, residual, residuary, over, odd, unconsumed, sedimentary, surviving, net, exceeding, over and above, outlying, outstanding, cast off, superfluous.

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