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Verb (transitive)


Verb chasten has 3 senses


chastenv. t. [OE. chastien, OF. Chastier, F. Chtier, fr. L. castigare to punish, chastise; castus pure + agere to lead, drive. See Chaste, Act, and cf. Castigate, Chastise.].
  •  To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod.  [1913 Webster]
    "For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth."  [1913 Webster]
  •  To purify from errors or faults; to refine.  [1913 Webster]
    "They [classics] chasten and enlarge the mind, and excite to noble actions."
Syn. -- To chastise; punish; correct; discipline; castigate; afflict; subdue; purify.


chasten, v.tr.
1 (esp. as chastening, chastened adjs.) subdue, restrain (a chastening experience; chastened by his failure).
2 discipline, punish.
3 moderate.

chastener n.
obs. chaste (v.) f. OF chastier f. L castigare CASTIGATE



abate, allay, alleviate, assuage, attemper, bank the fire, blunt, bring to account, bring to book, call to account, castigate, chastise, constrain, control, correct, curb, damp, dampen, de-emphasize, deaden, deal with, diminish, discipline, downplay, dull, extenuate, inflict upon, keep within bounds, lay, lenify, lessen, lighten, masthead, mitigate, moderate, modulate, obtund, palliate, penalize, pillory, play down, punish, purify, reduce, reduce the temperature, repress, restrain, settle with, simplify, slacken, slow down, smother, sober, sober down, soften, square accounts, stifle, subdue, suppress, take to task, tame, temper, tone down, tune down, underplay, visit upon, weaken




VB punish, chastise, chasten, castigate, correct, inflict punishment, administer correction, deal retributive justice, cowhide, lambaste, visit upon, pay, pay out, serve out, do for, make short work of, give a lesson to, serve one right, make an example of, have a rod in pickle for, give it one, strike, deal a blow to, administer the lash, smite, slap, slap the face, smack, cuff, box the ears, spank, thwack, thump, beat, lay on, swinge, buffet, thresh, thrash, pummel, drub, leather, trounce, sandbag, baste, belabor, lace, lace one's jacket, dress, dress down, give a dressing, trim, warm, wipe, tund, cob, bang, strap, comb, lash, lick, larrup, wallop, whop, flog, scourge, whip, birch, cane, give the stick, switch, flagellate, horsewhip, bastinado, towel, rub down with an oaken towel, rib roast, dust one's jacket, fustigate, pitch into, lay about one, beat black and blue, beat to a mummy, beat to a jelly, give a black eye, tar and feather, pelt, stone, lapidate, masthead, keelhaul, execute, bring to the block, bring to the gallows, behead, decapitate, guillotine, decollate, hang, turn off, gibbet, bowstring, hang draw and quarter, shoot, decimate, burn, break on the wheel, crucify, empale, impale, flay, lynch, electrocute, gas, send to the gas chamber, torture, put on, put to the rack, picket, banish, exile, transport, expel, ostracize, rusticate, drum out, dismiss, disbar, disbench, strike off the roll, unfrock, post, suffer, suffer for, suffer punishment, be flogged, be executed, suffer the ultimate penalty, be hanged, come to the gallows, mount the gallows, swing, twist in the wind, dance upon nothing, die in one's shoes, be rightly served, be electrocuted, fry, ride the lightning, face the firing squad.


VB be moderate, keep within bounds, keep within compass, sober down, settle down, keep the peace, remit, relent, take in sail, moderate, soften, mitigate, temper, accoy, attemper, contemper, mollify, lenify, dulcify, dull, take off the edge, blunt, obtund, sheathe, subdue, chasten, sober down, tone down, smooth down, weaken, lessen, check palliate, tranquilize, pacify, assuage, appease, swag, lull, soothe, compose, still, calm, calm down, cool, quiet, hush, quell, sober, pacify, tame, damp, lay, allay, rebate, slacken, smooth, alleviate, rock to sleep, deaden, smooth, throw cold water on, throw a wet blanket over, turn off, slake, curb, tame, smooth over, pour oil on the waves, pour oil on the troubled waters, pour balm into, mattre de l'eau dans son vin, go out like a lamb, roar you as gently as any sucking dove.

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