A large subdivision of the kingdom Fungi
coextensive with the phylum Basidiomycetes
, characterized by having the spores borne on a basidium. It embraces those fungi best known to the public, such as mushrooms, toadstools, etc. Among the classes of the Basidiomycota are: Gasteromycetes
(comprising the orders Ustilaginales
(smuts) and Uredinales
(rusts)); and Hymenomycetes
(mushrooms; toadstools; agarics; bracket fungi).
"In the 1913 Webster, the Basidiomycetes were defined as "coördinate with the Ascomycetes", and other fungal phyla (the Zygomycota and Deuteromycota) were not mentioned.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.