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Noun Rational has 1 sense

Adjective Rational has 4 senses


Rationala. [L. rationalis: cf. F. rationnel. See Ratio, Reason, and cf. Rationale.].
  •  Relating to the reason; not physical; mental.  [1913 Webster]
    "Moral philosophy was his chiefest end; for the rational, the natural, and mathematics . . . were but simple pastimes in comparison of the other."  [1913 Webster]
  •  Having reason, or the faculty of reasoning; endowed with reason or understanding; reasoning.  [1913 Webster]
    "It is our glory and happiness to have a rational nature."  [1913 Webster]
  •  Agreeable to reason; not absurd, preposterous, extravagant, foolish, fanciful, or the like; wise; judicious; as, rational conduct; a rational man.  [1913 Webster]
  •  Expressing the type, structure, relations, and reactions of a compound; graphic; -- said of formulæ. See under Formula.  [1913 Webster]
    "What higher in her society thou find'st
    Attractive, human, rational, love still.
    "  [1913 Webster]
    "A law may be reasonable in itself, although a man does not allow it, or does not know the reason of the lawgivers."  [1913 Webster]
Rational horizon. (Astron.) See Horizon, 2 (b). -- Rational quantity (Alg.), one that can be expressed without the use of a radical sign, or in exact parts of unity; -- opposed to irrational or radical quantity. -- Rational symptom (Med.), one elicited by the statements of the patient himself and not as the result of a physical examination.
Syn. -- Sane; sound; intelligent; reasonable; sensible; wise; discreet; judicious.
     A rational being.  Young.  [1913 Webster]


Rational, adj.
1 of or based on reasoning or reason.
2 sensible, sane, moderate; not foolish or absurd or extreme.
3 endowed with reason, reasoning.
4 rejecting what is unreasonable or cannot be tested by reason in religion or custom.
5 Math. (of a quantity or ratio) expressible as a ratio of whole numbers.

rational dress hist. a style of dress adopted by some women in the late nineteenth century, including bloomers or knickerbockers. rational horizon see HORIZON 1c.
rationality n. rationally adv.
ME f. L rationalis (as RATION)



adj. Devoid of all delusions save those of observation, experience and reflection.



acceptable, admissible, algorismic, algorithmic, aliquot, all there, analytic, balanced, bright, calm, cardinal, cerebral, circumspect, clear-eyed, clearheaded, clearminded, cogent, commonsense, compos mentis, conceptive, conceptual, consequent, cool, coolheaded, credible, decimal, differential, digital, discriminating, discursive, down-to-earth, earthy, endopsychic, enlightened, even, everyday, exponential, figural, figurate, figurative, finite, fractional, hardheaded, healthy-minded, ideational, imaginary, impair, impossible, infinite, informed, integral, intellectual, intelligent, internal, irrational, judicious, just, justifiable, knowing, knowledgeable, legitimate, level-headed, levelheaded, logarithmic, logical, logometric, lucid, matter-of-fact, mental, mentally sound, negative, noetic, noological, normal, not so dumb, numeral, numerary, numerative, numeric, odd, of sound mind, ordinal, pair, philosophical, phrenic, plausible, positive, positivistic, possible, practical, practical-minded, pragmatic, prime, prudent, psychic, psychologic, radical, ratiocinative, ratiocinatory, real, realist, realistic, reasonable, reasoning, reciprocal, right, sane, sane-minded, scientific, scientistic, secular, sensible, sober, sober-minded, sophic, sound, sound-minded, sound-thinking, spiritual, stable, straight-thinking, strong-minded, subjective, submultiple, surd, thinking, together, transcendental, understanding, unideal, unidealistic, unromantic, unsentimental, well-argued, well-balanced, well-founded, well-grounded, wholesome, wise, worldly




N number, symbol, numeral, figure, cipher, digit, integer, counter, round number, formula, function, series, sum, difference, complement, subtrahend, product, multiplicand, multiplier, multiplicator, coefficient, multiple, dividend, divisor, factor, quotient, submultiple, fraction, rational number, surd, irrational number, transcendental number, mixed number, complex number, complex conjugate, numerator, denominator, decimal, circulating decimal, repetend, common measure, aliquot part, prime number, prime, relative prime, prime factor, prime pair, reciprocal, totient, binary number, octal number, hexadecimal number, permutation, combination, variation, election, ratio, proportion, comparison, progression, arithmetical progression, geometrical progression, harmonical progression, percentage, permilage, figurate numbers, pyramidal numbers, polygonal numbers, power, root, exponent, index, logarithm, antilogarithm, modulus, base, differential, integral, fluxion, fluent, numeral, complementary, divisible, aliquot, reciprocal, prime, relatively prime, fractional, decimal, figurate, incommensurable, proportional, exponential, logarithmic, logometric, differential, fluxional, integral, totitive, positive, negative, rational, irrational, surd, radical, real, complex, imaginary, finite, infinite, impossible, numerically, modulo.


N intellect, mind, understanding, reason, thinking principle, rationality, cogitative faculties, cognitive faculties, discursive faculties, reasoning faculties, intellectual faculties, faculties, senses, consciousness, observation, percipience, intelligence, intellection, intuition, association of ideas, instinct, conception, judgment, wits, parts, capacity, intellectuality, genius, brains, cognitive powers, intellectual powers, wit, ability, wisdom, Vernunft, Verstand, soul, spirit, ghost, inner man, heart, breast, bosom, penetralia mentis, divina particula aurae, heart's core, the Absolute, psyche, subliminal consciousness, supreme principle, brain, organ of thought, seat of thought, sensorium, sensory, head, headpiece, pate, noddle, noggin, skull, scull, pericranium, cerebrum, cranium, brainpan, sconce, upper story, central processing unit, CPU, arithmetic and logical unit, ALU, metaphysics, psychics, psychology, ideology, mental philosophy, moral philosophy, philosophy of the mind, pneumatology, phrenology, craniology, cranioscopy, ideality, idealism, transcendentalism, spiritualism, immateriality, universal concept, universal conception, metaphysician, psychologist, intellectual, mental, rational, subjective, metaphysical, nooscopic, spiritual, ghostly, psychical, psychological, cerebral, animastic, brainy, hyperphysical, superphysical, subconscious, subliminal, immaterial, endowed with reason, in petto, ens rationis, frons est animi janua, locos y ninos dicen la verdad, mens sola loco non exulat, my mind is my kingdom, stern men with empires in their brains, the mind, the music breathing from her face, thou living ray of intellectual Fire.


N intelligence, wisdom, intelligence, capacity, comprehension, understanding, cuteness, sabe, savvy, intellect, nous, parts, sagacity, mother wit, wit, esprit, gumption, quick parts, grasp of intellect, acuteness, acumen, subtlety, penetration, perspicacy, perspicacity, discernment, due sense of, good judgment, discrimination, cunning, refinement, head, brains, headpiece, upper story, long head, eagle eye, eagle- glance, eye of a lynx, eye of a hawk, wisdom, sapience, sense, good sense, common sense, horse sense, plain sense, rationality, reason, reasonableness, judgment, solidity, depth, profundity, caliber, enlarged views, reach of thought, compass of thought, enlargement of mind, genius, inspiration, geist, fire of genius, heaven-born genius, soul, talent, prudence, vigilance, tact, foresight, sobriety, self-possession, aplomb, ballast, a bright thought, not a bad idea, Solomon-like wisdom, intelligent, quick of apprehension, keen, acute, alive, brainy, awake, bright, quick, sharp, quick witted, keen witted, clear witted, sharp-eyed, sharp sighted, sharp witted, wide- awake, canny, shrewd, astute, clear-headed, farsighted, discerning, perspicacious, penetrating, piercing, argute, quick-witted, nimble-witted, needle-witted, sharp as a needle, sharp as a tack, alive to, clever, arch, pas si bete, acute, wise, sage, sapient, sagacious, reasonable, rational, sound, in one's right mind, sensible, abnormis sapiens, judicious, strong- minded, unprejudiced, unbiased, unbigoted, unprepossessed, undazzled, unperplexed, unwarped judgment, impartial, equitable, fair, cool, cool-headed, long-headed, hardheaded, strong-headed, long- sighted, calculating, thoughtful, reflecting, solid, deep, profound, oracular, heaven-directed, heaven-born, prudent, sober, stand, solid, considerate, politic, wise in one's generation, watchful, provident, in advance of one' age, wise as a serpent, wise as Solomon, wise as Solon, wise, sensible, reasonable, judicious, well- thought-out, well-planned, well-judged, well-advised, prudent, politic, expedient, aut regem aut fatuum nasci oportet, but with the morning cool reflection came, flosculi sententiarum, les affaires font les hommes, mas vale saber que haber, mas vale ser necio que profiadol nemo solus sapit, nosce te, gnothi seauton, nullum magnum ingenium sine mixtura dementiae fuit, sapere aude, victrix fortunae sapientia.


N sanity, soundness, rationality, sobriety, lucidity, lucid interval, senses, sober senses, right mind, sound mind, mens sana, sane, rational, reasonable, compos mentis, of sound mind, sound, sound-minded, lucid, self-possessed, sober, sober-minded, in one's sober senses, in one's right mind, in possession of one's faculties, sanely.

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